Improving construction safety, health and working conditions ultimately depends on the collaboration of people working together, whether they are employers or workers. Safety management includes the functions of planning, identifying problem areas, coordinating, controlling and directing safety activities on the construction site, all with the aim of preventing accidents and illnesses.
The meaning of accident prevention is often misunderstood, as most people mistakenly believe that “accident” equals “injury”, which presupposes that an accident is unimportant unless it results in an injury. Construction managers are obviously concerned about worker injuries, but their main concern should be the dangerous conditions that cause them, the “incident” rather than the “injury” itself. There are many more “incidents” than injuries on a construction site.
A hazardous action may be performed hundreds of times before it causes an injury, and efforts should be focused on eliminating those potential hazards with giving importance to construction safety: they cannot expect human or property damage to occur in order to do anything. So safety management means taking safety measures before accidents occur.
All construction work must have an Occupational Health and Safety Plan containing the technical and administrative mechanisms necessary to guarantee the physical integrity and health of workers and third parties during the execution of the activities provided for in the construction contract and additional work arising from the main contract.
In construction, it has the following meanings: Building, including excavations and temporary constructions, structural transformations, renovation, repair, maintenance, and demolition of all types of buildings and structures.
When creating a structure to fulfil a specific function for public use, consideration should first be given to selecting a structural form that is safe, aesthetic and economical.
Health buildings must comply with the following minimum safety requirements which apply to all internal areas of the building such as the cafeteria, gift shop, meeting room and/or complementary areas.